An ectopic pregnancy is a condition in which the pregnancy develops outside the uterine cavity. Pregnancy occurs in the fallopian tube when a sperm fertilizes an egg. The fertilized ovum then “travels” to the uterine cavity, where pregnancy develops.

An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants and begins to grow in tissue outside the uterine cavity. In most cases, an ectopic pregnancy develops in the fallopian tube.

For every thousand registered pregnancies, ectopic pregnancy occurs in 15-20 cases.

What are the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy?

Pregnancy outside the uterine cavity does not develop normally and most often gives symptoms such as pain in the lower abdomen (result of internal bleeding) and vaginal bleeding after a missed period. It is recommended to contact a gynecologist with minimal symptoms.

Risk factors for ectopic pregnancy are: fallopian tube infections (caused by chlamydia and gonococci), smoking, or if a fallopian tube has disturbed anatomy, most often after surgery or endometriosis.

How is ectopic pregnancy treated?

This condition is most often treated surgically using a laparoscopic procedure. If detected early, ectopic pregnancy can be treated with medication.


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