Ultrasound provides the doctor with very valuable information, including the stage of pregnancy, the level of development and size of the fetus, the gestational age of the pregnancy, possible malformations, disorders and much more.
Like classic ultrasound (2D), 3D and 4D ultrasounds use sound waves to create images of the baby in the womb. Apart from being optional, the difference is that 3D ultrasound, as the word itself suggests, creates three-dimensional images of the baby, while 4D ultrasound does it through a video effect, where you can see the baby smiling, yawning, opening wide eyes, squint, suck thumb, etc.
What are the advantages of 3D/4D ultrasound compared to 2D?
Standard fetal ultrasound gives a uniform, black-and-white 2D image. But it still shows the functions of the baby’s internal organs, which are vital for taking care of her health. With 3D and 4D ultrasound, you can see three-dimensional images down to the smallest detail.
For example, such as the shape of the lips, feet, neck furrow, nasal bone, flow through certain blood vessels as well as a detailed examination of the anatomy of the fetus. Many parents are excited to see such details in a baby, especially if they see their son or daughter smile, wiggle in real time or suck their thumb. But 3D and 4D ultrasound is much more than just a visual experience.
3D/4D reveals more internal and external details from various angles, such as the heart wall, heart valves or blood circulation through vital blood vessels. At the same time, the depth and detail of the 3D and 4D ultrasound is incredibly accurate in detecting problems such as heart defects, skeletal or neurological anomalies.
How is 3D/4D ultrasound performed?
The doctor will apply a gel to your abdomen. It helps the transmission of sound waves. After that, the doctor will take a probe and glide it around your abdomen to get an image on the screen.
The whole process is extremely painless, and the examination is absolutely safe for both you and your fetus. It lasts between 30 and 45 minutes, which you can spend watching on the screen everything that the doctor sees. At the end, depending on whether you underwent a 3D or 4D ultrasound, you will receive pictures or recordings of the baby, which you can take with you to your partner and present your future new arrival to loved ones.
4D/3D ultrasound examination in pregnancy in the first 10 weeks
This examination determines the pregnancy, checks whether the pregnancy is in the uterus and defines the actual age of the pregnancy as well as the date of delivery.
During the first meeting, along with an ultrasound examination, a detailed discussion with the patient is conducted and potential risk factors for pregnancy are assessed. Pregnancy checks are more frequent if there are risk factors.
Expert 4D ultrasound examination from 11.0 to 13.6 weeks of pregnancy
This is a complex examination in which markers for changes in hereditary material / chromosomopathy (cervical fold, nasal bone, flow through certain blood vessels) are considered, as well as a detailed examination of the anatomy of the fetus. Examination enables early detection of major fetal anomalies.
The risk for changes on certain chromosomes is assessed based on an ultrasound examination and analysis of the values of two hormones (beta HCG and PAPP-A).
Expert 4D ultrasound from the 20th to the 24th week of pregnancy
After the examination between the 11th and 14th week of pregnancy, this is the next most important examination when the anatomy of the fetus is sufficiently developed to allow viewing of the organ systems (examination of brain structures, face, heart, abdominal organs, extremities, spinal column).
Ultrasound examination from the 25th to the 28th week of pregnancy
This examination enables the monitoring of the growth and development of the fetus and the detection of potential developmental anomalies that manifest themselves in the later stages of pregnancy, examination of the placenta and measurement of the flow through the arteries of the placenta (Doppler).
For all information about the procedure of 3D and 4D expert ultrasound in pregnancy and other questions, contact us on our phone numbers on weekdays from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. or write us an email.